Why Identifying Your Player Motivations Is Critical
As professional coaches, we understand that different athletes use various motivations to play their chosen sport. But how many coaches genuinely understand what motivates their players and how it affects their game?
Over the years, much research has been conducted on what drives athletes to play; this research has continually shown that motivation plays an integral part in an athlete’s success.
As experienced coaches, we understand that personality, situational motivation, and contextual or “life domain” motivations are impacted by several factors that can lead to differing outcomes; however, the challenging part for any coach is narrowing down precisely what those factors are.
At SkillShark, the cornerstone of our philosophy is to empower coaches to reach their full potential. A vital part of achieving that goal and becoming a successful coach is understanding what motivates your athletes and why.
Aligning the right technology, such as coaching apps for player development, is critical. Having customizable evaluation templates allows you to evaluate players based on your strategy as a coach. Additionally, you can track and evaluate players’ metrics, motivations, and attitudes to help improve future performance.
Intrinsic Motivation in Athletes
When athletes are intrinsically motivated, they play the game for the love and enjoyment of the sport. Intrinsically motivated athletes tend to be task-involved instead of ego-orientated; their goal is to make progress in a specific skill and gain new knowledge in their sport.
In sports, where practice and hard work are critical for improvement, especially in the early stages of junior development, the conviction that “effort leads to success” is necessary for maintaining perseverance.
However, if a task or activity is boring or unappealing, intrinsic motivation may not be enough to lead the athlete to perform the task to their maximum ability. This is where the coach’s role in delivering the correct message is critical.
Praise, for example, can be a powerful message for any athlete, and depending on the scope in which the message is accepted, an increase in intrinsic motivation should follow. But delivering praise itself is not the concern; it’s the degree to which the athlete “perceives” the message to be sincere. It’s important to note that a considerable drop in performance may occur if the athlete perceives the message as insincere.
The program’s structure can also play an integral role in fostering higher levels of intrinsic motivation. If, for example, the program or coaching staff repeatedly highlights the importance of self-improvement instead of outcome, athletes are more likely to show increased levels of intrinsic self-regulation, leading to improved performance.
Intrinsic motivation behaviours in athletes
- Task-involved and focused solely on performing the task to the best of their ability.
- Display self-determination and self-regulation.
- Exhibit respect for the rules and regulations of the sport.
- Display less stress and anxiety when compared to players who are extrinsically motivated athletes.
- Demonstrate confidence in their abilities and are more likely to “bounce back” quicker.
By utilizing SkillSharks evaluation software to understand what motivates players, coaches can mitigate and reduce the chance of poor performance by delivering an individualized message that boosts morale. Also, utilizing SkillShark as a sports team communication app can lead to better conversations and motivations between coaches and players.
Extrinsic Motivation in Athletes
As the name suggests, extrinsic motivation stems from sources external to the athlete and refers to performing the activity as a “means to an end” rather than its own sake. You could say, “They play the sport, not for its enjoyment, but because they have to.”
Extrinsically motivated athletes place a much greater emphasis on the outcome rather than performing to the best of their ability; this leads to the idea that extrinsic rewards are their driving force.
There are four types of extrinsic motivation that are generally accepted:
1. External regulation
An athlete may choose to participate in practice solely because they hope the coach lets them play in an upcoming game.
2. Introjected regulation
Here, the athlete participates in training because they don’t want to feel guilty about being absent.
3. Identified regulation
An athlete who doesn’t like training days that consist of long-distance running, but does so knowing it improves their cardiovascular capacity and, in turn, their overall performance.
4. Integrated regulation
This involves athletes performing a task because they have to; however, with integrated regulation, the choice is made with other parts of one’s harmonious self. E.g., The athlete chooses to stay home rather than go out, ensuring they perform at their best the next day.
Coaches may also encounter athletes who are “amotivated,” which refers to the athlete having little to no intentionality. These athletes display sentiments of incompetence and fear of the unexpected. One might say they are without purpose and, as such, show no sign of either intrinsic or extrinsic motivation.
When delivering a message to an athlete, the coach must consider several key factors. In particular, the justification of the message needs to consider the athlete’s feelings while providing some sort of choice in a noncontrolling manner.
For example, the coach might say, “The drills we’re working on will help you get the most out of your game.” [rationale] “I understand you don’t necessarily enjoy performing them.” [acknowledgment of feelings] ” but, I’ll leave it up to you if you’d like to give them a go.” [choice]
If we as coaches are to understand our players better, we must learn more about their motivations and desired outcomes. Likewise, we must be attentive to characteristics outside the athletes’ cognition, particularly those that impact motivation, such as family and culture. There’s no better way to remove the barrier and increase understanding between coaches and players than through apps for sports teams.
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